Country Information


Location: Europe
Capital: Riga
Population: 1.9 million
Currency: Euro
Language: Latvian
Main Religion: Lutheranism

Hello: Sveiki
Thank you: Palodies

Dates in the country

End of August 2017


Latvia has nice weather in the summer and it gets pretty cold in the winter. Latvia experiences reasonably mild winters, beginning in January and ending in March. Average temperatures range from 10°C (50°F) to 15°C (59°F) in winter, and sometimes getting as cold as -6.6°C (20.1°F) to -2.8°C (27°F).

Public Holidays

  • 1 Jan Sun New Year’s Day
  • 14 Apr Fri Good Friday
  • 17 Apr Mon Easter Monday
  • 1 May Mon Labour Day
  • 4 May Thu Independence Restoration Day
  • 5 May Fri Independence Restoration Day Holiday
  • 23 Jun Fri Midsummer’s Eve
  • 24 Jun Sat St John’s Day (Midsummer’s Day)
  • 18 Nov Sat Independence Day
  • 24 Dec Sun Christmas Eve
  • 25 Dec Mon Christmas Day
  • 26 Dec Tue 2nd Day of Christmas
  • 31 Dec Sun New Year’s Eve


Australian and New Zealand passport holders planning a visit to any of the 28 Member States of the EU do not require a visa if their stay is no longer than 90 days in a six month period within the EU.

The UK is part of the EU


Vaccines advised:

  • Tetanus
  • Malaria: No

Rules of the Road

Latvia has land borders with Estonia, Lithuania, Russia and Belarus.

Upon entering Latvia from Lithuania and Estonia, there is no border control since, just like Latvia, these Baltic States adhere to the Schengen Agreement. However, upon entering Latvia from Russia and Belarus, you must pass through border control.

Drivers should note that the standard of roads in Latvia varies – streets in cities are asphalted or cobbled, however, unpaved roads are common outside cities and lowering speed when is advisable.

There are no toll roads in Latvia, but drivers do have to pay to enter the resort city of Jurmala.

Traffic Regulations

  • Maximum driving speed in cities and residential areas – 50 km per hour (unless stated otherwise).
  • Maximum driving speed outside cities – 90 km per hour (unless stated otherwise).
  • Dipped headlights must be on 24/7;
  • For drivers with driving experience over 2 years – up to 0.5 per ml.
  • From December 1 to March 1, cars must have all-season or winter tires; from March 2 to November 30 – all-season or summer tires.
  • Just like in most other countries, Latvian Highway Police can pull you over for speeding or other violations, conduct raids and spot checks.
  • Drive on the right side of the road
  • Carnet not generally required however may be needed for Australian registered car.

Places to Visit

  • Riga
  • Gauja National Park
  • Sigulda
  • Ķemeri National Park
  • Bauska


A detailed route showing where we went overlanding and exploring. We jotted down the routes we travelled on a physical map which travelled with us from Australia to the UK, then transferred this to a digital form using Google Maps (KML and GeoRSS Layers) 

These are exact appropriations, maps differ between brands and converting from paper to digital may lose some details in translation. This should still show in great detail our route.